Plant and Soil Science | National FFA Organization
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​Plant and Soil Science​​​

Plant and Soil Science

Crop Production

Current Trends and Issues

Environmental Concerns

Understanding the Importance of Professional Ethics (all,IA) | (PPT)
Correlate the thought of environmental issues with ethics. For example, the consequences of not taking care of the environment to making wrong ethical choices, taking care of environment to making right ethical choices in business, social situations, school, etc.

Being Responsible and Accountable (1,2,IA) | (PPT)
Help students draw the conclusion that each of their actions has consequences -- positive or negative, and that they must be responsible and accountable for such actions.

Team Codes of Conduct (all,IA) | (PPT)
Environmental concerns should be important to all, which means we have to work as a team to face the issues of the environment. To be able to work together as a team groups should: 1. Describe a code of conduct and explain its value. 2. List the steps in creating a code of conduct. 3. Apply the process to create a code of conduct with a group.

GMOs

Analyzing Risks and Rewards of Change (all,IA) | (PPT)
Make the connection between developing new crops and the risks/rewards that can be found. (Ex. GMO Corn, what are the advantages/ disadvantages for farmers in growing this crop?)

Critical Thinking Skills (1,2) | (PPT)
Although some consumers may not see the importance of GMOs because they are uninformed and under-educated about their impact on production, it is important for students to be able to learn how to be informed consumers about such technology -- therefore making informed, educated decisions.

Analyzing Risks and Rewards of Change (all,IA) | (PPT)
As GMOs become more prevalent in our society students must be able to: 1.Define change and identify the risks of change. 2.Identify the rewards of change. 3.Explain methods used to offset the risks of change.

GPS

Embracing Emerging Technology in the Workplace (1) | (PPT)
Make the connections with students that to stay on the cutting edge and to be successful in todays agriculture industry, technology must be utilized.

Identify Resources for Continued Growth (3) | (PPT)
GPS has continued to grow as a technology used in the production of agricultural crops. It is important that students realize that in order for agriculture to continue to prosper, people must be willing to grow and prosper as well.

Creating Engaging Chapter Meetings (all,IA) | (PPT)
Students should make the correlation between the fact that GPS can pinpoint where you are at, where you have been and where you need to go to reach your goal. These are all things needed to know how to reach the goal of having engaging chapter meetings.

Organic Farming

Being a Self-starter (1,IA) | (PPT)
Draw the connection to the farmer that had enough foresight to begin the process of organic farming and the sale of organic farming products. This producer was a self-starter. Have students think of other self-starters in ag and what they could possibly start.

Leader-follower Relationships (all,IA) | (PPT)
When organic farming products were first introduced on a large scale, they were seen as sub-standard to commercially grown products because they didnt meet the consumers need for beautiful food. Over time, organic farmers have refined their practices to meet the demands of US consumers. The same is true for students -- they must realize that at first, they most likely are not refined leaders, but as they hone their skills, they move into more refined leadership roles.

Selflessness Toward Others (all,IA) | (PPT)
Organic farming must give up something, usually yield, in order to grow an organic product. In giving up yield farmers are normally gaining something in return -- usually health or environmental benefits. Just as in this relationship, a person practicing selflessness will give something up in order to gain something else -- many times inner peace and pride in putting others first.

Fertilizer Use and Application

Applying Fertilizers

The Benefits of Character and Integrity (3) | (PPT)
Just as fertilizers help stabilize soil and increase fertility, character and integrity play the same roles in an individuals life. Draw the connection between benefits of fertilizer use and benefits of character and integrity, yielding higher production in crops and in life.

Taking Risks (2,3) | (PPT)
Lead students to the connection between taking risks with different types of, and times for fertilization of crops, and the risks they must sometimes take in their lives. If proper, well thought out decisions are made, the rewards can be great.

The Importance of Handshakes and Eye Contact (all,IA)

Nutrient Needs of Plants

The Benefits of Character and Integrity (3) | (PPT)
Just as plants need certain nutrients to thrive, students need a strong, solid base of character and integrity to thrive as students and leaders.

The Need for Positive Relationships (all,IA) | (PPT)
Make a connection between nutrient needs in plants and the need for positive relationships. Just as plants need proper nutrients, people need positive relationships. Too much nitrogen in a plant will burn it up, just as too much associating with a negative person or group will cause an individual to be negative as well.

Defining Core Values (all,IA) | (PPT)
Make a link between the association of a persons need for core values and the nutrient needs of plants. (Ex. Water-Honesty, Minerals-Relationships, Light-Spiritual Values)

Soil Testing

Analyzing Risks and Rewards of Change (all,IA) | (PPT)
Make the connection between analyzing a soil test and finding what is missing to analyzing the risks and rewards of change. (Ex. Adding certain types of fertilizers at different price points vs. changing job or occupation for a better lifestyle or more family time.)

Life Balance (all,IA) | (PPT)
Show students that it is important to test soils in order to determine if they have the proper nutrient balance for the specific crop being grown, just as it is important to analyze our life to make sure we have a healthy balance of activities and priorities.

Seeking Counseling (all,IA) | (PPT)
Students will be better be able to view counseling positively after making the connection between counseling and soil testing. It is, at times, hard to regulate the nutrients in the soil without proper soil testing. At times, it is also hard to find what may be going on inside our psyche without proper counseling.

Types of Fertilizers

Capitalizing on the Strengths of Others (2) | (PPT)
Connect the thought of the different types of fertilizers used to meet specific needs, just as we can capitalize on the strengths of those around us to help individuals and teams excel. (Ex. Nitrogen - increased foliage production, individual efficient in computer use- work on awards/ application committee.)

Identifying Your Learning Styles: What Turns My Gears? (1) | (PPT)
There are many different types of fertilizers, just as there are many different learning styles. Draw a connection between the fertilizer types and learning styles outlined in the LifeKnowledge lesson.

Understanding Ways People Are Different (1,2) | (PPT)
After students understand the importance of fertilizers and that each fertilizer has a specific use, correlate this with understanding ways people are different and that each person has his / her strengths.

Insect, Disease and Weed Control

Alternate Insect, Disease, and Weed Control Method

Selecting a Strategy (1) Link this LifeKnowledge lesson to the application of selecting the proper method of insect, disease and weed control. Which method will work best in a given situation?

Understanding Ways People Are Different (1,IA) | (PPT)
Use the interest approach activity along with objective #1 to draw the connection between differences in control methods to the differences between people and communities.

Identifying and Utilizing Available Resources (all,IA) Students will be given a problem area common to their region and using the resources available in that area, determine an alternate control method other than a common pesticide, insecticide, or herbicide.

Calibration of Equipment

Defining Roles on Teams (all,IA) | (PPT)
The importance of calibrating equipment can be paralleled with roles on a team. Each team member must be in the right role, just as each part of the equipment must be calibrated correctly to operate to its fullest capacity.

Crop Diseases and Pests

| (PPT)

Insect, Disease, and Weed Control Methods

Seeking Counseling (all,IA) | (PPT)
Link the producers need for information and knowledge about controlling pests and diseases in crops, to the need to seek counseling from qualified individuals when the diseases and pests (circumstances) of life arise.

My Decisions and the Opinions of Others (2,3) | (PPT)
Just as diseases and pests have a direct impact on the other organisms living in that area, the decisions you make directly impact those around you.

Identifying Problems Correctly (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as it is necessary to identify pest and disease problems correctly in crops, it is also necessary to identify problems in life.

Integrated Pest Management

Evaluating Plans and Goals (1,3,IA) | (PPT)
Link IPM as a process, looking at all the options available for ridding crops of pests, to the evaluation of plans and goals. One must stay on course to reach the end destination.

Seeking Positive Relationships (all,IA) | (PPT)
The relationship between beneficial insects and the use of IPM can be similar to the relationships built between people. All must be chosen and nurtured to be beneficial.

Identify Resources for Continued Growth (1) | (PPT)
Similar to IPM and looking for the best resources to fight pests, an individual must identify resources for continued growth within themselves.

Pesticide Labels and Safety

Understanding Common Etiquette (1,2,IA) | (PPT)
Connect the idea of regulations for chemical companies and the need for the use of etiquette by students when eating at different places. (Ex. Common way to label chemicals with safety rules. Common rules of etiquette while eating.)

Responsible Citizenship (all,IA) | (PPT)
We are very fortunate to have innovative products and tools to assist us in the field, but it is important that we use them correctly. Link this concept to the fact that we are fortunate to live in the society in which we do, and we must be responsible as citizens of this society.

Modifying and Evaluating Actions (1) | (PPT)
Pesticide labels must be evaluated and modified to meet the needs of your area, just as your actions should be evaluated and modified to meet your circumstances.

Weed ID

Understanding Adverse Effects of Risk Behaviors (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as it is important for a producer to be able to identify weeds and eradicate them, so should all individuals be able to identify and weed out bad or risky behaviors.

Positive and Negative Influence (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as weeds may influence the production of a certain field, positive and negative behaviors have a direct impact on the student and the lives of others around that student.

Finding Opportunities to Make Positive Change (1) | (PPT)
Identifying weeds for control or beautification purposes is one opportunity to make a positive difference.

Major Agronomic Crops

Cereal Crops

Valuing My Contributions (1) | (PPT)
Just as each of the different cereal grains provides nutrients and variety to a persons diet, so do different people and their contributions to teams, families, churches, etc. Tie the connection that each crop/ individual has its own valuable contributions.

Seven Roads to Success (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as there are seven career cluster areas in agriculture, there are seven major agronomic crops to discuss. Discuss this relationship with the students, and then choose a career cluster to connect with each of the major crops. Crops could also be changed for regional specificity as deemed appropriate. Suggested career cluster area to discuss: Food Products and Processing Systems

Appreciating Differences in People (1) | (PPT)
Just as cereal grains differ in their design and use, each fill a need. Correlate this with the differences in people.

Fiber Crops

Communication Methods on Teams (all,IA) | (PPT)
Connect the idea of types of fiber with the types of communication processes that must go on to keep our communicating regular and understandable.

Seven Roads to Success (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as there are seven career cluster areas in agriculture, there are seven major agronomic crops to discuss. Discuss this relationship with the students, and then choose a career cluster to connect with each of the major crops. Crops could also be changed for regional specificity as deemed appropriate. Suggested career cluster area to discuss: Natural Resources Systems

Mobilizing Others to Action (1) | (PPT)
Fiber is used to mobilize the body to function. Have students list ways in which they, like fiber, can be used to mobilize other members to action.

Food Legumes

Effective Listening Skills (1,3,IA) | (PPT)
Link the idea that nodes on the roots of a legume are very important in the nitrogen production process, just as effective listening skills are important to building and maintaining a healthy relationship/ conversation with others.

Seven Roads to Success (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as there are seven career cluster areas in agriculture, there are seven major agronomic crops to discuss. Discuss this relationship with the students, and then choose a career cluster to connect with each of the major crops. Crops could also be changed for regional specificity as deemed appropriate. Suggested career cluster area to discuss: Animal Systems

Responsible Citizenship (3) | (PPT)
Just as legumes give back to the soil, so to, should we give back to our community by being responsible citizens.

Forage Crops

Keeping a Job (all,IA) | (PPT)
Draw a parallel between the idea of forage keeping a ruminants stomach operating properly, and the skills that assist individuals in keeping a job and advancing up the career ladder.

Seven Roads to Success (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as there are seven career cluster areas in agriculture, there are seven major agronomic crops to discuss. Discuss this relationship with the students, and then choose a career cluster to connect with each of the major crops. Crops could also be changed for regional specificity as deemed appropriate. Suggested career cluster area to discuss: Agribusiness Systems

The Role of Leader on Teams (1) | (PPT)
Forages normally take a high degree of management to meet their potential. Define leadership roles (management practices) of different leaders.

Forage Legumes

Effective Listening Skills (1,3,IA) | (PPT)
Link the idea that nodes on the roots of a legume are very important in the nitrogen production process, to effective listening skills in building and maintaining a healthy relationship/ conversation with others.

Seven Roads to Success (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as there are seven career cluster areas in agriculture, there are seven major agronomic crops to discuss. Discuss this relationship with the students, and then choose a career cluster to connect with each of the major crops. Crops could also be changed for regional specificity as deemed appropriate. Suggested career cluster area to discuss: Plant Systems

Identifying Others to Grow and Develop (1) | (PPT)
Legumes not only gain nutrients from the soil to grow, but also give nitrogen back to benefit the soil. FFA members can give back to society by helping others grow and develop.

Oil Crops

The Benefits of Goal Setting (3,IA) | (PPT)
Oil crops provide many uses in our lives. Draw a connection between these uses and the necessity of goal setting. Goal setting helps a student keep focused on the end product or outcome, just as the oils from crops provides uses for us to get an end product.

Seven Roads to Success (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as there are seven career cluster areas in agriculture, there are seven major agronomic crops to discuss. Discuss this relationship with the students, and then choose a career cluster to connect with each of the major crops. Crops could also be changed for regional specificity as deemed appropriate. Suggested career cluster area to discuss: Environmental Service Systems

Becoming a Mentor to Others (1) | (PPT)
Most products made from oil crops are used to facilitate the process of making another product better. How can becoming a mentor be like an oil crop?

Specialty Crops

Understanding Values, Beliefs, Character and Integrity (2,3,IA) | (PPT)
Some of the greatest dollar values are in specialty crops. Spiritual beliefs add high dollar values to a persons life. Draw the connection between specialty crops to the value of having a balanced spiritual life.

First Impressions (1) | (PPT)
The development of new crops takes much time, but when a consumer sees the product, it doesnt take them long to decide if they feel it is a good idea or not. The same is true with a persons first impression about another person.

Developing Innovative SAEs (all,IA) Innovative SAEs are like specialty crops in that they fill a particular niche for some students.

Sugar Crops

Building Mutual Interest (all,IA) | (PPT)
Connect the idea that sugar is something that nearly everyone likes in their diet, just as nearly everyone on a team has something in common. Team members can use these similarities to build team camaraderie and appreciation.

Seven Roads to Success (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as there are seven career cluster areas in agriculture, there are seven major agronomic crops to discuss. Discuss this relationship with the students, and then choose a career cluster to connect with each of the major crops. Crops could also be changed for regional specificity as deemed appropriate. Suggested career cluster area to discuss: Power, Structural and Technical Systems

Serving as a Mentor (1) | (PPT)
Just as sugar is used to enhance other products, so to should coaches strive to make those around them better.



Forestry

Classification and Anatomy

Hard Woods

Opportunities in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (all,IA) | (PPT)
Using the LifeKnowledge lesson, connect the thought that different hard woods are used for different purposes and the multiple opportunities available for all types of individuals.

Understanding Common Etiquette (all,IA) | (PPT)
The hardwood metaphor will help students remember these are the common etiquette rules followed when in public.

Human Potential (2) | (PPT)
Lead students to the conclusion that just as different types of hard woods have the potential to become different products, the different strengths of people lead to different outcomes in their lives.

Soft Woods

Appreciating Differences in People (all,IA) | (PPT)
As students learn to identify all the types of soft woods, have them draw the parallelism of the differences of people and appreciating them for their differences, as well as trees and their different uses.

Learning to Assess Others Strengths (all,IA) | (PPT)
Continue the discussion from previous content lesson on hard woods to this lessons activities and objectives on assessing and identifying strengths of others.

Travel and Dining Etiquette (all,IA) The softwood metaphor will help students remember these are the etiquette practices which pertain more specifically to travel and dining.

Structures

First Impressions (all,IA)
Make the connection for students between identifying a structure at first glance and also making a first impression with people. Ask students, How important is a first impression and what people perceive?

How Organizations Are Structured--National, State and Local (all,IA)
When discussing the classification and anatomy of forest plants, help students in understanding the structure of the Local, State and National level of the FFA.

Defining Roles on Teams (1,2)
Just as trees are made up of different parts, so are teams. Lead students to realize that teams take many different types of people to be successful, just as a tree has many parts that make up the whole.

Current Trends and Issues

Computers and Forest Technology

Embracing Emerging Technology in the Workplace (1,2) | (PPT)
Forty years ago, who would have thought we would be using computers, GPS, and other types of technology in the forestry industry? Link the association that to stay successful, everyone must embrace the use of technology.

Creating a Personal Vision (all,IA)
Help students write a vision of what they would like to achieve in the future. Write down nine barriers to achieving this goal and how they may be overcome. Then, share this information with the class.

Embracing Emerging Technology in the Workplace (all,IA)
Just as new innovations are introduced into the forestry industry, such as GPS, new and emerging technologies exist around students daily. They must learn to accept and utilize the technology available to them.

Plantation Practices

Building Followership: The Leadership Challenge (1,2) | (PPT)
Developing and maintaining forests is a challenge, and in each case takes many different routes to get the same end product. Just as in building followership in any organization or group, it takes many different techniques to get all kinds of people to follow great leaders.

Strategies for Efficient Time Use (1,2) | (PPT)
Plantation practices are used because of ease and time savings it facilitates. Define efficient time use for a typical day of a student, determine and discuss how to make the use of that time more efficient, and develop an efficient time use plan for the time spent in the class for one day or the entire semester.

Demonstrating Self-organization Skills (all,IA) | (PPT)
Plantations are large, production forests that need much organizational skill to run. Practicing good self organization leads to good management of the plantation forest.

Specialty Forest Products

Professional Ethics and Personal Character (2,3) | (PPT)
Just as special equipment has been developed to accomplish a specific job in the forest, the same is true with professional ethics and personal character. If students don t show high ethics and good character, they wont be successful or last very long at a job.

Dealing with a Range of Emotions (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as there are many specialty forest products, there is also a variety in the range of human emotions. Each of these forest products must be handled differently and with care, just as each emotional circumstance must be dealt with in a different manner.

First Impressions (1) | (PPT)
The development of new forest products takes much time, but when a consumer sees the product, it doesnt take them long to decide if it is a good idea or not. The same is true with a persons first impression about another person.

Urban Forestry

Identify Resources for Continued Growth (IA) | (PPT)
Relate the association between the fastest growing area in forestry, urban forestry, to the need for identifying resources to realize potential growth in an individual or business. Someone saw the potential for urban forestry. What do you see potential in?

Respecting Others Belief Systems, Visions and Missions (all,IA) | (PPT)
Correlate that not all forestry takes place in a wilderness setting. Urban forestry has become just a prevalent. Neither one is more important than the other, just as no one belief system is more important that the next.

Analyzing Risks and Rewards of Change (1,2) | (PPT)
Urban Forestry is a relatively new branch of forestry. Students must realize that change occurs in many different professions, and they need to recognize and embrace change, seeing it as a positive in their lives.

Diseases and Pests of Trees

Fungus

Appreciating Differences in People (1) | (PPT)
Make the connection between different people and different fungus types. Each are not always as they seem. Some are very useful and fun when you look past their outer layer. Different isnt always bad.

Identifying and Utilizing Available Resources (all,IA)
When studying fungus and how it lives off a host, discuss how we should be similar in utilizing the resources available to us.

Applying Conflict Resolution Techniques (1) | (PPT)
Relate information about good and bad fungus types to the information in the LifeKnowledge lesson about constructive and destructive conflict.

Insects/Pests

Cooperative Relationships (2) | (PPT)
Just as insects work together within the forest, in sometimes unknown cooperation, to accomplish an objective, so must individuals see the value in having cooperative relationships to get things done in a timely fashion.

Positive and Negative Influence (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as insects and pests may influence the production of the forest, positive and negative behaviors have a direct impact on your life and the lives of those around you.

Defining Roles on Teams (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as insects/pests have a role in the forest ecosystem, we each have a role to play on the team. We are on teams, whether that be the basketball team, officer team, a class or even the community we live in.

Fire

Causes of Fires

Identifying Your Learning Styles: What Turns My Gears? (1,2) | (PPT)
Correlate the different causes of fire to the different learning styles. No matter the cause of the fire, it still causes damage to wildlife, forestry and individual property. The same is true with learning styles. Each person learns differently, yet still learns the intended information.

Understanding the Use of Time (1) | (PPT)
Just as it is important to understand the causes of fire, it is also important to understand the use of time.

Earning Trust (1,2) | (PPT)
Fire is a major management tool in forestry. It must be trusted and respected -- draw this connection between trust in the forest with trust in life.

Effects of Wildfires

Understanding the Consequences of My Actions (all,IA) | (PPT)
Draw the connection between how much damage one wrong decision can cause and the fact that a wildfire can be started by a little spark and create major loss to humans and wildlife.

Conflict Resolution Techniques (all,IA) | (PPT)
Conflict, like a wildfire, can cause devastating damage. If not controlled or maintained quickly, it can get out of hand. Tour a fire station or have a fire truck brought to the school. Have firemen explain how wild fires are fought and how they know when a fire is in progress. Have students correlate the fire information into how they can define a conflict and how to resolve such conflicts.

Dealing with Non-team Players (all,IA) | (PPT)
The effects of wildfires on a forest can be detrimental to production. The same is true for teams -- therefore it is crucial to learn how to develop a student who may have difficulty being productive on a team.

Fire as a Management Tool

The Role of Physical Activity in Personal Success (1,IA) | (PPT)
Connect fire use to physical exercise. Knowing how to use fire properly can greatly increase forest production, just as physical exercise greatly increases productivity and health in individuals.

Role of Spiritual Belief System in Personal Mission (all,IA) | (PPT)
Our spiritual belief system, like fire, is a necessary part of our lives. Fire, when used correctly, will enhance the forest just as a spiritual belief system will enhance our lives. Fire, when used incorrectly, will not be as beneficial to the forest, just as spiritual beliefs, when not nurtured, will not reach their full potential.

Showing Respect (all,IA) | (PPT)
A fire is a major management tool of the forest, with awesome power. One must show great respect to learn as much about this tool as possible, and to use it wisely.

Fire Types

Types of Relationships (2,IA) | (PPT)
Relate the different fire types to different types of relationships between individuals. Ask, Do you really have friends, acquaintances, etc.?

Understanding Ways People Are Different (2,IA) | (PPT)
Just as there are different types of fires there are different types of cultures. Every type of fire is different, but not necessarily better or worse, just as cultures are different.

Identifying Your Learning Styles: What Turns My Gears? (1) | (PPT)
There are many different types of fires, just as there are many different learning styles. Draw a connection between the fire types and learning styles outlined in the LifeKnowledge lesson.

Forest Ecology

Environmental Factors

Dealing with a Range of Emotions (all,IA) | (PPT)
Draw the connection between individuals and dealing with all the emotions of life and how people in the forestry industry deal with the environment, good or bad, all around them.

Learning to Teach Others (all,IA) | (PPT)
The forest will learn to live with different environmental factors bending and forming it, just as we can positively affect those around us if we will learn how to teach them.

Being Responsible and Accountable (1,2,IA)
Help students to draw the conclusion that each of their actions have consequences -- positive or negative, and that they must be responsible and accountable to such actions.

Human Relationships

Showing Respect (all,IA) | (PPT)
When discussing the roles of humans in forestry, connect the thought of respecting others and things. In history, humans havent always respected forests or other people and we have paid for it.

Teaching Others (all,IA)
Just as humans interact with forest to improve it, students can help improve others by teaching.

Developing Partners for Your FFA Chapter (1) | (PPT)
The relationship between forests and humans must be managed carefully, just as the relationship with FFA partners must be nurtured and managed to be most beneficial.

Interaction of Insects

The Need for Leaders (2)
Make the parallel connection between the need for all types of insects to benefit the forest, as are all types of leaders needed for any organization or group.

Establishing a Team Vision (1) | (PPT)
In the big picture of nature, insects work together to make the forest a better place. Discuss how this is true, and then have the class create a team vision for your chapter.

My Decisions and the Opinions of Others (2,3) | (PPT)
Just as the insects in a forest have a direct impact on the other organisms living in that area, the decisions you make directly impact those around you.

Wildlife Relationships

The Need for Positive Relationships (2) | (PPT)
Just as the delicate balance between wildlife and forests is key to both, so are good, healthy positive relationships between people. When the relationships are negative, it is harmful to both parties involved.

Establishing Team Mission (1) | (PPT)
Wildlife needs the forest as much as the forest needs wildlife. Discuss the relationship between wildlife and the forest. Then, create a team mission for the officer team.

Cooperative Relationships (2) | (PPT)
Lead students to the connection between the relationship wildlife has within the forest and the relationships built between humans.

Introduction to Forestry

Forestry Careers

The Benefits of Goal Setting (3) | (PPT)
Drive home the connection between goal setting and reaching your desires, especially in a career field such as forestry. The goal oriented and focused individual will be the winner.

Conducting a Job Search (1) | (PPT)
1.List and describe three easy steps in conducting a job search.
2.Create a job search network of ten people.
3.Identify five agribusinesses in the area that will hire high school students.
4.Develop a plan to organize a job search.

Meeting New People (1) | (PPT)
Explain to students that many times, landing a full-time job or establishing yourself in a career is not always about the technical skill that you have in that area, but it also includes meeting and knowing many different types of people.

History of Forestry

Managing Change in Your Career (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as the forest industry has gone through major advancements and changes, parallel how students, throughout their career, will need to be flexible to keep up with the industry.

The Origins of Organizations (1) | (PPT)
To keep from making mistakes of the past and continue positive growth in the forest, it is important to know the history -- just as it is important to know the history of the FFA.

The Origins of Organizations (1,2) | (PPT)
Draw a direct connection between the history and formation of the forestry industry to the history and formation of the FFA.

Importance of Forests

Life Balance (all,IA) | (PPT)
Draw the connection between the importance of forests and their part in the ecosystem and how students lives need to be balanced.

How Does FFA Apply to My Life? (2) | (PPT)
Develop a personal list of how the forest is important to or directly effects you. Then, make a list of how FFA should effect your personal growth. (Could use POA template for this activity.)

Appreciating Cultural Diversity (2) | (PPT)
Lead students to realize the connection between the importance of forests in our overall economic structure and the importance of diversity in our society.

Measurement and Harvesting

Age and Growth Measurement

The Stages of Development (1) | (PPT)
Connect the thought that each tree is at a different age and growth phase. Each individual is also at a different stage of development in their life. Compare and contrast the different stages and where each student may be in their development.

Evaluating Plans and Goals (1) | (PPT)
Trees must be evaluated to determine their growth, just as plans nd goals must be evaluated to determine if a student is on track to reach them.

The Stages of Development (all,IA) | (PPT)
The growth of the forest is measured in stages. Student leadership is also measured in stages -- ME -- WE -- DO -- SERVE. Tie the stages of tree development into the stages of personal development.

Harvest Cutting

A Lifetime of Service to Others (3,IA) | (PPT)
Just as a tree, once it is harvested, serves many people for a long period of time, FFA members must embrace a lifetime of service to others.

Valuing My Contributions (all,IA) | (PPT)
A tree can be harvested at what ever time the market deems it valuable. Likewise, a contribution to society, club, etc., can come from a freshman as well as a senior, with each being valuable contributions.

SAE Programs and FFA's Proficiency Awards (1)
Draw the connection between the final harvest of the forest products to the final product of a students SAE -- recognition in a proficiency area.

Land Surveys

Assessing the Strengths of Others (2,IA) | (PPT)
Make the connection between surveying land to find its potential and size to reach maximum production, to assessing strengths in others to help them develop those strengths to reach their full potential.

Making Decisions about Career Paths (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as land has to be surveyed to find boundaries and other areas of interest, so should careers.

Defining Core Values (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as each type of land has specific properties and is best used for specific purposes, each student will have different values and every person is designed for a specific purpose.

Tree Diameter and Height

Leadership Styles (2,3,IA) | (PPT)
Just as each tree is different in growth, diameter and height, so is every individual different in their leadership style. Each tree measures up differently, and so do people in their leadership styles, but it necessary to know the measurement to lead effectively on any team.

The Stages of Development (1) | (PPT)
Just as we develop in our role as a leader and get stronger, so do trees. The roots grow deeper and the tree starts to branch out as new growth stages are reached. The same is true for students as their leadership qualities grow, develop and get stronger over time.

Process and Product Evaluation (all,IA) | (PPT)
Trees are evaluated on their diameter and height to determine their best uses. Help students draw the connection between the evaluation of process or product to that of tree measurement.

Role of Governments

Government Agencies

Defining Roles on Teams (all,IA) | (PPT)
Make the connection with students that different government agencies have different roles, as do members of a team. Each has unique and special characteristics that they bring to the table.

Opportunities for Influence in Organizations (all,IA) | (PPT)
When talking about government agencies and how and who influences them, correlate this to how students can influence the organizations they are involved in.

Understanding the Role of Responsible Citizens (all,IA) | (PPT)
Government agencies play a major role in the management of our forests. All citizens must be responsible and cooperate with the government agencies for maximum benefit to the citizens of the community.

Laws and Policies

Being Honest with Myself and Others (all,IA) | (PPT)
Draw the connection between obeying laws and policies and the benefits to being honest with ones self and others. Also, contrast that to the consequences of disobeying and lying to ones self and others.

Team Codes of Conduct (all,IA) | (PPT)
Discuss the similarities and differences between Laws and Policies and Codes of Conduct.

Practicing Honesty (all,IA,2,3)
Show the relationship between proper reporting procedures to government agencies and practicing honesty in everyday life.

Management Practices and Mandates

Results Without Jeopardizing Relationships (1) | (PPT)
The government sets out mandates to ensure a safe forestry industry without restricting growth and profitability. Results are a must, but cannot be achieved at the expense of others.

Selecting a Strategy (all,IA)
A manager must come up with strategies to help run a successful business, usually working with mandates from superiors or government. This lesson will help students brainstorm strategies and determine the best one to put into practice.

Defining Problem Solving (1,2) | (PPT)
Many times, government agencies help managers to solve problems in their production practices. Learning the value of problem solving and the keys to being successful at it will help students become better managers.

Safety in the Forest

Clothing and Protective Gear

Skill Development: Employability Skills for the 21st Century (1) | (PPT)
Just as fire fighters and forestry workers must have the proper clothing to be able to do their job well and protect themselves from the elements, students need to attain the right skills to be successful and keep up with the changes around them.

Being Honest with Myself and Others (all,IA) | (PPT)
When good safety practices are not upheld, eventually someone will get hurt physically. When we are not honest with ourselves and others, someones feelings will most likely get hurt. It is just as important to practice safe work methods as it is to practice being honest.

Travel and Dining Etiquette (2) | (PPT)
Just like each piece of clothing and protective gear has a specific role to play in keeping us safe while in the forest, each piece of tableware has a specific purpose when eating a meal.

Safe Equipment Operation

Being Responsible and Accountable (all,IA)
Connect accountability and responsibility to all jobs, especially in dealing with the safety of all workers or customers.

The Importance of Building Relationships (all,IA) | (PPT)
Have students list safe equipment operation. For each thing listed, have students list an important reason to build a relationship. Discuss how the student can get better at following safety operations and then how they can improve relationships.

Responsible Citizenship (all,IA) | (PPT)
We are very fortunate to have innovative tools to assist us in the forest, but it is important that we use them correctly. Link this concept to the fact that we are fortunate to live in the society in which we do, and we must be responsible as citizens of this society.

Work and Outdoor Recreation Safety Practices

Understanding the Role of Responsible Citizens (2,3) | (PPT)
To be safe, whether having fun or at work, one must be responsible towards self and others. Just as in daily life, each person should be responsible and caring for themselves and others they come in contact with.

Positive and Negative Influence (all,IA) | (PPT)
List and discuss some positive and negative safety practices and then discuss and correlate positive and negative influences students are faced with. Have the class decide if their positive/negative safety habits influence those around them and then have them come up with other positive and negative things that influence them.

Understanding Adverse Effects of Risk Behaviors (1,2) | (PPT)
Choosing not to follow proper safety precautions while in the forest can lead to harmful consequences, just as making poor decisions in life can be detrimental to ones health and happiness.

Silviculture and Reforestation

Managing Growth and Quality

Finding Opportunities for Others to Grow and Succeed (2,3) | (PPT)
FFA students have many opportunities to help others become successful and grow to reach their full potential. Relate this to how a forest manager does everything possible to help the forest grow to its full potential.

Identify Resources for Continued Growth (1) | (PPT)
Correlate the similarities in the resources it takes to grow a quality forest to the resources needed to continue the growing process in each of us.

Creating Timelines (2,3) | (PPT)
Time management is an important skill to learn in any field. Connect the management of the growth and quality of the forest to the management of ones own time for best life results.

Regeneration

Coping with Adversity (3,IA) | (PPT)
Make the connection between a forest fire and regenerating the forest to making a mistake or a negative circumstance occuring in ones life. Have students ask themselves, How do I take this and turn it into a positive situation?

Finding Opportunities for Service in Your Families, School and Communities (all,IA) | (PPT)
Discussing regeneration may help the students understand why it is important to do community service projects. Starting or rebuilding a program could be similar to regenerating a forest. It is much easier with the support of the community. The community will then support and help regenerate the chapter.

Leading Program of Activities Development (4,5,6) | (PPT)
Show the relationship between regeneration procedures in forestry and the development of a chapters Program of Activities. It is important for each to follow a set schedule for maximum results.

Seedlings

Setting Goals (1,2,IA | (PPT)
Seedlings have everything it takes to grow and reproduce, just as every individual has everything it takes to be successful in their own life. They just need goals to help them succeed, just as the seedling had water and sun to help it reach its full potential.

Approaching New People (all,IA) | (PPT)
All trees were at one time seedlings and would not be the tree seen today without going through the seedling stage. When studying the care it took to grow the seedling, discuss the care and nurturing it may take to get to know a new friend and some benefits that could come from meeting new people.

Enjoying the Ride (FFA and SAEs) (1) | (PPT)
Draw the connection between seedlings being starter plants that need nourishment to grow, and the FFA degree ladder. A students SAE needs nourishment if a student expects to earn higher degrees and awards.

Tree Reproduction

Recruiting FFA Members (1,3,IA) | (PPT)
Just as trees must reproduce to continue a successful forestry industry, so must FFA members recruit new members to maintain a successful FFA chapter.

Components of the Communication Process (all,IA) | (PPT)
When talking about tree reproduction and the components it takes for a trees to reproduce, connect these components to the components of the communication process and how it is easier to communicate when all the processes are working correctly.

Identifying Others to Grow and Develop (all,IA) | (PPT)
The reproduction of trees is necessary for the growth, productivity and profitability of the forest. Humans must also identify others that will help them grow and develop.



Plant Science/Agronomy

Current Trends and Issues

Agronomy Careers

Creating a Personal Vision (all,IA)>
Great lesson to get students to think about their strengths and putting them on paper. This will help them put together a plan to pursue for their future.

How Does FFA Apply to My Life? (3) | (PPT)
Develop a personal program of activities for career success.

Making Decisions about Career Paths (all,IA) | (PPT)
LifeKnowledge lesson can be used to help students determine several different career paths in the area of Plant Science or Agronomy.

Foreign Trade

Respecting Others Belief Systems, Visions and Missions (3) | (PPT)
Using LifeKnowledge lesson, connect the thought that when dealing with foreign trade, business deals, and travel one must respect others belief systems. This aids in the cultural barriers and establishes close working ties between countries and businesses.

Communicating with Customers (all,IA) | (PPT)
Foreign trade is a driving force behind the crop(s) producers plant. An understanding of the consumer (customer) is extremely beneficial in the trade process.

Defining Teamwork (all,IA) | (PPT)
In order for foreign trade to be successful, two groups must work together. This relationship is true in any type of team. Help students to understand the need for effective teams in all areas of life.

GPS and Related Computer Technologies

Embracing Emerging Technology in the Workplace (1) | (PPT)
Make the connections with students that in order to stay on the cutting edge and to be successful in todays agricultural industry, technology must be utilized.

Travel and Dining Etiquette (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as the GPS is a mapping of the globe, there is also a map or guide to how a table is set according to proper etiquette.

Identify Resources for Continued Growth (3) | (PPT)
The use of GPS and other technologies have continued to grow in the production of agricultural crops. It is important that students realize that in order for agriculture to continue to prosper, people must be willing to grow and prosper as well.

Environmental Requirements

Light

Role of Spiritual Belief System in Personal Mission (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as light is the key to plant growth and development so is a spiritual belief system key to the growth and success of any individual. Link the association between light and spiritual belief systems to success.

Developing a Resume (all,IA) | (PPT)
At least one career type lesson in the LifeKnowledge series has been tied to each lesson in the Environmental Requirements unit and Plant Physiology and Growth unit of the Plant Science / Agronomy Course. The correlation to be made is that a requirement of a successful job search, attainment and retention is connected to each environmental requirement of a plant.

Opportunities for Accomplishment in Organizations (all,IA) | (PPT)
Using the LifeKnowledge unit -- Why Get Involved in Organizations?, (HS.116-121) relate information about the different elements needed for plant growth back to the different reasons why students/people join an organization. Plants have certain needs and so do people. Joining an organization helps people meet a need. There are four basic reasons why people join an organization. There are also four basic needs of plants. This creates a perfect pairing of each of the lessons.

Nutrients

The Need for Positive Relationships (1,2,IA) | (PPT)
Associate the need for proper nutrients to plant success to the need for positive relationships for individual success. The relationships made will determine the success, or lack of it, in life.

Making Decisions about Career Paths (all,IA) | (PPT)
At least one career type lesson in the LifeKnowledge series has been tied to each lesson in the Environmental Requirements unit and Plant Physiology and Growth unit of the Plant Science / Agronomy Course. The correlation to be made is that a requirement of a successful job search, attainment and retention is connected to each environmental requirement of a plant.

Opportunities for Accomplishment in Organizations (all,IA) | (PPT)
Using the LifeKnowledge unit -- Why Get Involved in Organizations?, (HS.116-121) relate information about the different elements needed for plant growth back to the different reasons why students/people join an organization. Plants have certain needs and so do people. Joining an organization helps people meet a need. There are four basic reasons why people join an organization. There are also four basic needs of plants. This creates a perfect pairing of each of the lessons.

Plant and Vegetative Growth

Human Potential (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as a seed has everything needed to grow, so do people. Given the proper environment, each will become productive and reach their potential. Tie the idea of different ways and needs of plants to grow to the growth of human potential.

Interviewing Techniques (1) | (PPT)
At least one career type lesson in the LifeKnowledge series has been tied to each lesson in the Environmental Requirements unit and Plant Physiology and Growth unit of the Plant Science / Agronomy Course. The correlation to be made is that a requirement of a successful job search, attainment and retention is connected to each environmental requirement of a plant.

Identifying Others to Grow and Develop (1,IA) | (PPT)
Just as plants need nutrients to grow and develop, students must also realize that their classmates and fellow members need help in their development. Lead students to realize the importance of helping others to grow and develop.

Temperature

The Importance of Handshakes and Eye Contact (all,IA)
When meeting new people is it is vital to set the temperature of the room. Link the concept that eye contact and a good hand shake set the temperature of any social or business contact.

Conducting a Job Search (all,IA) | (PPT)
At least one career type lesson in the LifeKnowledge series has been tied to each lesson in the Environmental Requirements unit and Plant Physiology and Growth unit of the Plant Science / Agronomy Course. The correlation to be made is that a requirement of a successful job search, attainment and retention is connected to each environmental requirement of a plant.

Opportunities for Accomplishment in Organizations (all,IA) | (PPT)
Using the LifeKnowledge unit -- Why Get Involved in Organizations?, (HS.116-121) relate information about the different elements needed for plant growth back to the different reasons why students/people join an organization. Plants have certain needs and so do people. Joining an organization helps people meet a need. There are four basic reasons why people join an organization. There are also four basic needs of plants. This creates a perfect pairing of each of the lessons.

Water

Being Honest with Myself and Others (all,IA) | (PPT)
Link honesty to water, a must for life. Parallel the lack of water with lack of honesty and an abundance of water with an abundance of honesty. What are the consequences?

Understanding Career Clusters (all,IA) | (PPT)
At least one career type lesson in the LifeKnowledge series has been tied to each lesson in the Environmental Requirements unit and Plant Physiology and Growth unit of the Plant Science / Agronomy Course. The correlation to be made is that a requirement of a successful job search, attainment and retention is connected to each environmental requirement of a plant.

: Opportunities for Accomplishment in Organizations (all,IA) | (PPT)
Using the LifeKnowledge unit -- Why Get Involved in Organizations?, (HS.116-121) relate information about the different elements needed for plant growth back to the different reasons why students/people join an organization. Plants have certain needs and so do people. Joining an organization helps people meet a need. There are four basic reasons why people join an organization. There are also four basic needs of plants. This creates a perfect pairing of each of the lessons.

Global, Climatic and Cultural Variances

Biosphere

The Importance of Attitude (all,IA) | (PPT)
Link the importance of attitude and the environment in the FFA biosphere to the importance of a positive environment in a plants biosphere. Attitude determines Altitude!

Using Your Community as a Laboratory for Leadership (all,IA) | (PPT)
A community is like a biosphere. Businesses, public service organizations, schools and individuals act and react with each other.

The Need for Positive Relationships (1,2) | (PPT)
A biosphere is a unique set of relationships built in nature. Relationships are also important for humans. Help students to draw a connection between the two.

Geographical Distribution

Capitalizing on the Strengths of Others (2,3) | (PPT)
Certain crops can only grow in certain regions or countries due to climate and conditions. Tie this thought to the LifeKnowledge lesson by showing that individuals all have strengths and are special and should be utilized by others.

Discovering the World of Agriculture (all,IA) | (PPT)
1. Define agriculture. 2. Explain why agriculture is important to the world. 3.Describe why agriculture is important to the individual.

Understanding Beliefs and Belief Systems (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as different types of plants are distributed around the world, so are many different people and their belief systems. It is important to recognize the different belief systems and respect that people may think differently than we do.

Major Agronomic Crops

How Does FFA Apply to My Life? (IA) | (PPT)
In everyday life, everyone uses a product or eats food that came from a major crop. Pose the question to students, What about FFA do I use on a daily basis that is beneficial to me or someone I come into contact with?

Leadership Styles (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as we have major agronomic crops in the world, we also have different Leadership Styles. When a region of the world learns what grows best there, that region will grow that crop, just as we learn which leadership style we best exhibit, we should use it to our advantage.

Defining Leadership (2,1,1)
Link the information discussed about each of the major agronomic crops to the information discussed about each of the three components of the Agriculturtal Education Mission.

Government Agencies and Regulations

FDA

Opportunities in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (1,IA) | (PPT)
This lesson will help students discover the wide array of job opportunities in agriculture within one government department.

Taking My Trip (Understanding SAEs) (all,IA) | (PPT)
The USDA is the parent organization which does much for agriculture and houses many organizations under its umbrella. As you discuss the USDA, tie it to the similarities of the parts of an SAE. All the parts that make up the USDA are similar to the parts that make up a successful SAE.

Resources Available (all,IA) | (PPT)
The FDA is a vast storehouse of information and resources available for those in production agriculture. Help students to realize the importance of utilizing all resources available to them.

GATT

Opportunities in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (1,IA) | (PPT)
This lesson will help students discover the wide array of job opportunities in agriculture within one government department.

Managing My Journey (Managing SAEs) (all,IA)
The USDA is the parent organization which does much for agriculture and housed many organizations under its umbrella. As you discuss it and the it would be easy to tie it to the similarities of and SAE and all the parts that make up the USDA are similar to the parts that make up a successful SAE.

Types of Relationships (1,2) | (PPT)
Relationships are key for any producer or group of producers to be successful. The GATT agreement is an example of a relationship that allows certain types of commodity trading to occur. Help students to discover that relationships are important in all areas of their life.

NAFTA

Opportunities in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (1,IA) | (PPT)
This lesson will help students discover the wide array of job opportunities in agriculture within one government department.

Adjusting Your Journey (Evaluating SAEs) (all,IA) | (PPT)
The USDA is the parent organization which does much for agriculture and housed many organizations under its umbrella. As you discuss it and the it would be easy to tie it to the similarities of and SAE and all the parts that make up the USDA are similar to the parts that make up a successful SAE.

Collaborative Relationships (all,IA) | (PPT)
When discussing the elements of NAFTA, lead students into a discussion on how NAFTA was formed. Help them to realize that it was through collaborative relationships.

NRCS

Opportunities in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (1,IA) | (PPT)
This lesson will help students discover the wide array of job opportunities in agriculture within one government department.

Choosing My Vehicle (Planning SAEs) (all,IA) | (PPT)
The USDA is the parent organization which does much for agriculture and housed many organizations under its umbrella. As you discuss it and the it would be easy to tie it to the similarities of and SAE and all the parts that make up the USDA are similar to the parts that make up a successful SAE.

Understanding Professions, Careers and Jobs (all,IA) | (PPT)
In the discussion of what the NRCS is responsible for, expand the lesson to include discussions about working for the NRCS as a possible career path for students.

USDA

Opportunities in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (1,IA) | (PPT)
This lesson will help students discover the wide array of job opportunities in agriculture within one government department.

Preparing for the Trip (all,IA) | (PPT)
The USDA is the parent organization which does much for agriculture and houses many organizations under its umbrella. While discussing the USDA, tie it to the similarities of an SAE and how all the parts that make up the USDA are similar to the parts that make up a successful SAE.

Effective Listening Skills (all,IA) | (PPT)
The government plays a major role in the agricultural community. Regulations may change quickly, and it is important for students to develop listening techniques to assist them in keeping current with ever-changing information.

History

Natural Selection

Seeking Positive Relationships (all,IA) | (PPT)
Through natural selection, the positives traits of plants are selected, just as individuals select positive relationships to help them grow as a person.

The Value of Diversity on Teams (all,IA) | (PPT)
Assist class in listing their favorite foods, colors, sports, etc. Would students be satisfied by eating their favorite food everyday, all day or seeing everything painted their favorite color? Diversity is necessary, and the process of natural selection allows for the diverse world we live into today. Describe what would happen if all the wild flowers were the same and a disease spread that could kill them.

Creating Engaging Chapter Meetings (3) | (PPT)
In nature, plants that can overcome natural adversity survive and prosper. In an FFA chapter, only those activities that students seem to enjoy stay on the chapters POA from year to year. Use the material in the LifeKnowledge lesson to make sure that chapter activities are the type that will survive.

New Crops and New Uses

Taking Risks (all,IA) | (PPT)
Associate the need of proper nutrients for plant growth and success to the need for positive relationships for individual success. The relationships you make will determine the success, or lack of it, in your life!

Trying New Ideas (all,IA) | (PPT)
Scientists are able to put a gene from a fire fly into a tobacco plant. Brainstorm some ideas for this new product. (Ex. lighted walkways, roads, runways, saves energy, new uses for old plants, etc.)

Trying New Ideas (1) | (PPT)
Make a direct connection between the content of the Plant Science unit to the information in the LifeKnowledge unit. The activity for objective #1 ties directly to plant science.

Origins of Cultivated Plants

Understanding Beliefs and Belief Systems (all,IA) | (PPT)
Understanding how our plants have developed, and where they come from can be tied to understanding belief systems and why we believe what we believe, and who influenced us to believe that way.

The Origins of Organizations (all,IA) | (PPT)
Discuss what agriculture would be like today if we still planted the same corn varieties using the same techniques which were used several hundred years ago. (Ex: Indians showing New World settlers how to plant corn.) Then discuss what the FFA would be like if it was the same today as it was in 1928.

Discovering the World of Agriculture (all,IA) | (PPT)
Students will discover the orgins of plants in a similar way to discovering the agricultural industry. Help them to draw the connection between the two.

Plant Classification

Roles of Plants

The Role of Mentors and Coaches (1) | (PPT)
Parallel the role of plants with the role of mentors and coaches. Each coach, mentor, parent, etc. has a key role in seeing that the individual succeeds. Just as each plant in our ecosystem serves a specific purpose to the success of the ecosystem.

How Organizations Are Structured--National, State and Local (all,IA) | (PPT)
As plants have a role to play in our environment so do organizations have a role to play in our society.

Understanding Self-worth (1,2) | (PPT)
Just as each plant plays a specific role in the universe, so does each person. It is important for students to realize that their unique talents and abilities are important to the success of their own society or community.

Structure and Anatomy

How Organizations Are Structured--National, State and Local (all,IA) | (PPT)
Draw the parallelism of plant structures and how the FFA program is structured.

How Organizations Are Structured--Components of a Local Program (1) | (PPT)
Plants have a particular structure which makes them work the most efficiently - so does the agricultural education system. Discuss these similiarities.

Identifying Planning Skills (1,2,3)
Knowing the structure and anatomy of a plant is just as important as knowing the different skills necessary in planning an activity or event.

Taxonomy

How Organizations Create Culture, Brand and Traditions (1,IA) | (PPT)
Take out the boring names of plants and help students correlate it to a catchy phrase or word. Connect the naming of plants to the power words and phrases have in catching our attention. People associate ideas with names. (Ex. Broccoli- gross food, Nike- Michael Jordan)

SAE Programs and FFA's Proficiency Awards (3)
When talking about the naming of plants, relate these to the proficiency areas which are linked to an SAE.

How Organizations Are Structured--National, State and Local (all,IA,1,2) | (PPT)
Just like the plant kingdom has specific names for each level of classification, so does Agricultural Education and the FFA. Lead students to this connections between the two areas.

Plant Physiology and Growth

Life Cycles

Strategies for Efficient Time Use (1,2) | (PPT)
Connect the thought that each plant has a specific life cycle and should be utilized in that time period. Students must utilize their time so no opportunity is wasted.

Opportunities in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (1) | (PPT)
At least one career type lesson in the LifeKnowledge series has been tied to each lesson in the Environmental Requirements unit and Plant Physiology and Growth unit of the Plant Science / Agronomy Course. The correlation to be made is that a requirement of a successful job search, attainment and retention is connected to each environmental requirement of a plant.

Developing a Plan Using Goals (all,IA) | (PPT)
Lead students to the connection between the different life cycles of plants and the different stages of development of ones goals in life.

Photosynthesis

Travel and Dining Etiquette (all,IA) | (PPT)
Connect photosynthesis as the key to a plants growth and success to etiquette at home, social or business and the success of business deals or job opportunities because of etiquette practices.

Keeping a Job (2) | (PPT)
At least one career type lesson in the LifeKnowledge series has been tied to each lesson in the Environmental Requirements unit and Plant Physiology and Growth unit of the Plant Science / Agronomy Course. The correlation to be made is that a requirement of a successful job search, attainment and retention is connected to each environmental requirement of a plant.

Serving as a Mentor (all,IA) | (PPT)
The exchange of different components in the photosynthesetic process is a unique relationship in nature. The plant takes, but also gives. This same relationship is true for mentors and mentees.

Respiration

Travel and Dining Etiquette (all,IA) | (PPT)
Connect respiration as the key to a plants growth and success to etiquette in the home or in social and business settings. Proper etiquette is necessary to be successful in business, just as respiration is a necessary key in a plants growth.

Advancing a Career (all,IA) | (PPT)
At least one career type lesson in the LifeKnowledge series has been tied to each lesson in the Environmental Requirements unit and Plant Physiology and Growth unit of the Plant Science / Agronomy Course. The correlation to be made is that a requirement of a successful job search, attainment and retention is connected to each environmental requirement of a plant.

Recruiting FFA Members (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as respiration is an important process in plant growth and development, recruitment is an important process in the growth and development of an FFA chapter.

Transpiration

Travel and Dining Etiquette (all,IA) | (PPT)
Connect transpiration as the key to a plants growth and success to etiquette at home, social or business and the success of business deals or job opportunities because of etiquette practices.

Understanding Professions, Careers and Jobs (all,IA) | (PPT)
At least one career type lesson in the LifeKnowledge series has been tied to each lesson in the Environmental Requirements unit and Plant Physiology and Growth unit of the Plant Science / Agronomy Course. The correlation to be made is that a requirement of a successful job search, attainment and retention is connected to each environmental requirement of a plant.

Organizational Planning (all,IA) | (PPT)
Transpiration plays a vital role in the growth and development of any plant. Planning plays a vitial role in the development and growth of any organization. Help students to realize the link between planning and growth of the Ag Ed program and FFA Chapter.

Propagation

Cuttings

Recruiting FFA Members (3) | (PPT)
Draw the parallelism of this specific reproduction method to different methods of recruiting and growing FFA Chapters. Use the thought, Best Method for Best Results.

Conducting a Workshop to Help Others Start SAEs (2)
An upperclassman with a solid SAE program can, like a plant cutting, help other members get a new SAE started by brainstorming ideas.

Using Appropriate Language and Humor (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as it is important to choose the correct propagation method for certain types of plants, it is important to choose the appropriate use of language and humor with certain groups of people.

Division

Recruiting FFA Members (3) | (PPT)
Draw the parallelism of this specific reproduction method to different methods of recruiting and growing FFA Chapters. Use the thought, Best Method for Best Results.

Results Without Jeopardizing Relationships (1) | (PPT)
Positive results can be attained by the division process of grafting, just as an individual can get results without jeopardizing relationships.

Identifying and Utilizing Available Resources (all,IA)
Division is a form of propagation which uses plants already on hand. Show students how this form of propagation is a good use of resources that they already have available to them.

Grafting

Recruiting FFA Members (3) | (PPT)
Draw the parallelism of this specific reproduction method to different methods of recruiting and growing FFA Chapters. Use the thought, Best Method for Best Results.

First Impressions (1) | (PPT)
Proper grafting techniques are important in the success of this type of propagation, just as first impressions are important in building positive relationships.

Communication Methods on Teams (all,IA) | (PPT)
Grafting is just one of the many methods / types of propagation. There are many types of communication as well. Help students draw a connection between the two.

Layering

Recruiting FFA Members (3) | (PPT)
Draw the parallelism of this specific reproduction method to different methods of recruiting and growing FFA Chapters. Use the thought, Best Method for Best Results.

SAE Programs and FFA's Proficiency Awards (1)
Just as a new plant is produced by using the layering method of propagation, FFA proficiency awards are a product of a students SAE.

Assessing the Strengths of Others (3) | (PPT)
Layering is just one type of propagation. Each type can be used for several different types of plants, but the results are the same -- a new plant. Tie the different learning styles in the LifeKnowledge lesson to the discussion about layering as a propagation method.

Sexual

Using Appropriate Language and Humor (1,2) | (PPT)
Make this a fun way to tie into the facts of life. Students will learn what is appropriate and not appropriate.

The Importance of Building Relationships (1,2) | (PPT)
It is a necessary and natural process for humans to build relationships. Relationships are also important to plants in the propagation process.

Types of Teams (1) | (PPT)
Sexual propagation is just one of the many methods / types of propagation. There are many types of teams as well. Help students draw a connection between the two.

Tissue Culture

Becoming a Mentor to Others (all,IA) | (PPT)
Link the association of culture (growing media) to a mentor. Just as it is key to have the right media for tissue growth, it is also key for an individual to have the right mentor to be a success.

Recruiting FFA Members (all,IA) | (PPT)
Starting with a small tissue sample, a plant can be grown to maturity. Students can be recruited, and with the proper nutrients and growing conditions, they grow into mature FFA members.

Conceptualizing Ideas (all,IA) | (PPT)
Although tissue culture is now a common form of plant reproduction, at one time it took some very forward thinking scientists to conceptualize the usefulness of this technology. By using the LifeKnowledge lesson, help students realize that their concepts and ideas may someday become standard practices.



Soil Science

Basic Principles of Soil Science

Careers in Soil Science

Defining Career Success (all,IA) | (PPT)
1. Identify characteristics of a successful career.
2. Identify steps to creating career success.

Making Decisions about Career Paths (all,IA) | (PPT)
Use LifeKnowledge lesson to assist students in plotting out possible career paths.

Becoming an Advocate for Agriculture and Natural Resources (1) | (PPT)
Connect the idea of having a successful career in any area of agriculture includes the students becoming advocates for agriculture.

Management Practices

The Benefits of Goal Setting (1,3) | (PPT)
A good producer (agronomist) will set goals, such as what they want to grow or harvest, how many animals to graze or profit margins desired. When managing life, students should have goals so they have a target to work toward, such as graduation or employment.

Strategies to Include Others on Teams (1,2) | (PPT)
Connect management strategies to types of people. Each management strategy offers something unique. Each individual offers different strengths to a team.

Seeking Positive Relationships (all,IA) | (PPT)
The relationship between soil and the chosen management practice can be similar to the relationships built between people. All must be chosen and nurtured to be beneficial.

Soil Formation

Coping with Adversity (all,IA) | (PPT)
Discuss how it is only after soil breaks down because of forces put upon it by nature and man that it becomes something we can use to grow things. Even though rock has a place, it is not as useful as the refined product - top soil.

Defining Personal Vision (all,IA)
Connect the value and need of each soil formation and the end product grown on top, to the development of a personal vision in setting a plan for the future to be successful.

Elements of the Change Process (2) | (PPT)
Draw the connection between how soil is formed over the centuries to the changes that occur in nature.

Soil Profile

Leader-follower Relationships (all,IA) | (PPT)
Leaders should come to the conclusion that they were unrefined (unrefined rock) and it will take work and different forces to shape them into the type of leaders (soil particles) that they should be. But dont forget the foundation of the group (bed rock) may not be as fast to learn or excited about the organization as them, but with forces working on them, they can be better committee members (sub soil) and someday leaders (top soil).

Positive and Negative Influence (1,2) | (PPT)
Use LifeKnowledge lesson to reinforce that right/wrong combinations of soils positively/negatively effect production, just as right/wrong influences positively/negatively effect a students productivity and success in life.

Understanding Ways People Are Different (1,IA) | (PPT)
Use interest approach activity along with objective #1 to draw the connection between differences in the soil profile to differences among people and communities.

Soil Properties

Human Potential (all,IA) | (PPT)
All soils have strengths and weaknesses, as do all people. All soils also have some use, as do all people. Nature will use all soil to its potential, just as every group should use and benefit from all members.

Leadership Styles (1,2) | (PPT)
Draw a parallel between different soil properties and different leadership styles. Not one soil property/ leadership style is better than another, but each property/ style is needed for the diversity of each group or soil region.

The Value of Diversity on Teams (2) | (PPT)
Show students that the properties of soil have different benefits, just as the diversity of a group holds many benefits.

Soil Testing

Leadership Styles (2) | (PPT)
It is important to test soils to determine the physical and chemical properties, which will determine how the soil is used best. It is also important to test and determine which of the five leadership styles students possess, helping to determine the strengths and weaknesses of each student.

Analyzing Risks and Rewards of Change (all,IA) | (PPT)
Make the connection between analyzing soil tests and finding what is missing to analyzing the risks and rewards of change. (Ex. Adding a certain type of fertilizer at a certain price point vs. changing job or occupation for a better lifestyle or more family time.)

Life Balance (all,IA) | (PPT)
Show students that it is important to test soils in order to determine if they have the proper nutrient balance for the specific crop being grown, just as it is important to analyze our life to make sure we have a healthy balance of activities and priorities.

Soil Erosion and Land Management

Calculating Soil Loss

Using Evaluation and Reflection (all,IA) | (PPT)
Just as it is important to calculate and interpret the calculations of soil loss, it is also important to be able to 1.Define evaluation and reflection. 2.Explain why evaluation and reflection are important to success. 3.Identify methods for evaluation and reflection.

Understanding Self-worth (2) | (PPT)
Use the LifeKnowledge lesson to make the connection between the importance of knowing how much soil is being lost, to the impact of understanding ones self-worth, which can be increased with the help of others.

Skill Development: Employability Skills for the 21st Century (1) | (PPT)
Tie the use of soil loss calculation methods to the technical skills that are necessary for a specific career choice.

Environmental and Economic Impacts of Erosion

Understanding the Consequences of My Actions (all,IA) | (PPT)
Look at a picture of the Grand Canyon. Help students realize this beauty was caused from erosion. Then, show an example of negative land erosion. Explain to students that their actions are like the erosion and can lead to positive or negative results. Their actions, like erosion, will effect other parts of their lives and may have long and far reaching effects.

Understanding the Consequences of My Actions (all,IA) | (PPT)
Make the parallel connection between bad choices and erosion (Ex. Destruction of land and life.) to good choices and conservation. (Ex. bettering the environment and life.)

Critical Thinking Skills (1,2) | (PPT)
Although some producers may not see the impact of their practices on the environment, it is important for students to be able to recognize these impacts and make informed, educated decisions.

Land Capabilities

Understanding Ways People Are Different (1,3) | (PPT)
Identify the different types of people and how their differences make them unique and important.

Showing Respect (1,2) | (PPT)
Show the connection between differences in soils and uses to differences in people. Have students think of others and how they treat those that are different.

Tillage Practices

Developing Leadership in SAEs (2,3)
Producers use different types of tillage equipment to prepare the soil for a bountiful harvest. FFA members should use their SAEs, just as producers use tillage equipment, to prepare them to be better leaders.

Strategies to Include Others on Teams (1,2) | (PPT)
Connect different tillage practices to different types of people. Each tillage practice offers something unique, just as each individual offers different strengths to a team.

The Role of Physical Activity in Personal Success (2) | (PPT)
Relate the routines of tillage of the soil to the routines of what is necessary to have a healthy lifestyle -- each should follow a prescribed regimen.

Soil Fertility and Moisture Management

Fertilizer Use and Application

Identifying Others to Grow and Develop (all,IA) | (PPT)
When listing the fertilizers, also list and model the characteristics of individuals who excel in developing others.

The Benefits of Character and Integrity (3) | (PPT)
Just as fertilizers help stabilize soil and increase fertility, character and integrity provide stability in an individuals life. Draw the connection between benefits of fertilizer use and benefits of character and integrity, yielding higher production in crops and in life.

Understanding Responsibility and Accountability (1,2) | (PPT)
Lead students to the connection between being responsible for calculating and mixing fertilizer properly to being responsible citizens.

Irrigation Methods

Identifying and Utilizing Available Resources (all,IA)
Identify irrigation methods used throughout the US and why they are used. Have group determine what resources are available and how realistic the project is, considering the resources, for a project the FFA is considering.

Planning a Public Presentation (1,3) | (PPT)
When discussing the different types of irrigation methods, draw the connection between different types of presentations, audiences and what to expect for outcomes to the problems a producer may encounter with an irrigation system.

Taking Risks (2,3) | (PPT)
Lead students to the connection between taking risks with different types of, and times for, irrigation of crops to the risks they must sometimes take in their lives. If proper decisions are made, the rewards can be great.

Nutrient Deficiencies in Soils

Dealing with Non-team Players (1,2) | (PPT)
Identify how nutrient deficiencies hinder plant growth and relate this to how a member of a team will hinder the productive output of a team. How can increases in the nutrient levels of soils lacking in essential nutrients correlate to increases of the productivity of a team member who was originally not doing their part.

Serving as a Mentor (all,IA) | (PPT)
Draw the connection between how a deficiency in a soil or crop can be similar to deficiencies in individuals. Use the LifeKnowledge lesson to show how a mentor (students as mentor or student seeking a mentor) is someone who can help fill that deficiency in the life of another.

Understanding Healthy Eating Habits (2) | (PPT)
Help students to realize that having a nutrient deficiency in soils is similar to having a nutrient deficiency in our diet. Neither produces good results.

Soil Chemistry

Appreciating Individual Talents and Strengths (all,IA) | (PPT)
Research the basic chemical makeup of soil. Study each major chemical makeup of soil and determine what would happen if one of the major requirements of the soil were present in an over abundance and under the recommended amount. Now correlate this to the strengths and weaknesses of members of a family, team, class. etc.

Defining Teamwork (all,IA) | (PPT)
Draw parallelism between components of soil working together to do a job (Ex. Grow a crop, hold a house up, etc.) and individuals on a team working together to accomplish a task.

Defining Roles on Teams (1,2,IA) | (PPT)
Draw the connection between the roles that different parts of soil play in the entire composition with the roles that different people play on teams.